اﻟﺘﺰاﻣﺎﺕ اﻟﻌﺎﻣل قانون العمل

اﻟﺘﺰاﻣﺎﺕ اﻟﻌﺎﻣﻞ ﻭ ﺻﺎﺣﺐ ﻭاﻟﺨﺒﺮاﺕ اﻟﺘﺄﺩﻳﺒﻴﺔ

 

اﻟﻤﺎﺩﺓ ﺭﻗﻢ 32

 

ﺗﺤﺪﺩ ﻓﺘﺮﺓ ﺗﺠﺮﺑﺔ اﻟﻌﺎﻣﻞ ﻓﻲ ﻋﻘﺪ اﻟﻌﻤﻞ ﺑﺸﺮﻁ ﺃﻻ ﺗﺰﻳﺪ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻣﺎﺋﺔ ﻳﻮﻡ ﻋﻤﻞ ﻭﻳﻜﻮﻥ ﻷﻱ ﻣﻦ ﻃﺮﻓﻲ اﻟﻌﻘﺪ ﺇﻧﻬﺎﺅﻩ ﺧﻼﻝ ﻓﺘﺮﺓ اﻟﺘﺠﺮﺑﺔ ﺩﻭﻥ ﺇﺧﻄﺎﺭ. ﻓﺈﺫا ﻛﺎﻥ اﻹﻧﻬﺎء ﻣﻦ ﺟﺎﻧﺐ ﺻﺎﺣﺐ اﻟﻌﻤﻞ اﻟﺘﺰﻡ ﺑﺪﻓﻊ ﻣﻜﺎﻓﺄﺓ ﻧﻬﺎﻳﺔ اﻟﺨﺪﻣﺔ ﻟﻠﻌﺎﻣﻞ ﻋﻦ ﻓﺘﺮﺓ ﻋﻤﻠﻪ ﻃﺒﻘﺎ ﻷﺣﻜﺎﻡ ﻫﺬا اﻟﻘﺎﻧﻮﻥ.

ﻭﻻ ﻳﺠﻮﺯ اﺳﺘﺨﺪاﻡ اﻟﻌﺎﻣﻞ ﺗﺤﺖ اﻟﺘﺠﺮﺑﺔ ﻟﺪﻯ ﺻﺎﺣﺐ اﻟﻌﻤﻞ ﺃﻛﺜﺮ ﻣﻦ ﻣﺮﺓ، ﻭﻳﺼﺪﺭ اﻟﻮﺯﻳﺮ ﻗﺮاﺭا ﻳﻨﻈﻢ ﺷﺮﻭﻁ ﻭﺿﻮاﺑﻂ اﻟﻌﻤﻞ ﺃﺛﻨﺎء اﻟﻔﺘﺮﺓ اﻟﺘﺠﺮﻳﺒﻴﺔ.

 

اﻟﻤﺎﺩﺓ ﺭﻗﻢ 33

 

ﺇﺫا ﻋﻬﺪ ﺻﺎﺣﺐ اﻟﻌﻤﻞ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺁﺧﺮ ﺑﺘﺄﺩﻳﺔ ﻋﻤﻞ ﻣﻦ ﺃﻋﻤﺎﻟﻪ ﺃﻭ ﺟﺰء ﻣﻨﻬﺎ ﻣﻦ اﻟﺒﺎﻃﻦ ﻭﻛﺎﻥ ﺫﻟﻚ ﻓﻲ ﻇﺮﻭﻑ ﻋﻤﻞ ﻭاﺣﺪﺓ ﻭﺟﺐ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻣﻦ ﻋﻬﺪ ﺇﻟﻴﻪ ﺑﺎﻟﻌﻤﻞ ﺃﻥ ﻳﺴﻮﻱ ﺑﻴﻦ ﻋﻤﺎﻟﻪ ﻭﻋﻤﺎﻝ ﺻﺎﺣﺐ اﻟﻌﻤﻞ اﻷﺻﻠﻲ ﻓﻲ ﺟﻤﻴﻊ اﻟﺤﻘﻮﻕ ﻭﻳﻜﻮﻥ ﻛﻞ ﻣﻨﻬﻤﺎ ﻣﺘﻀﺎﻣﻨﺎ ﻣﻊ اﻵﺧﺮ ﻓﻲ ﺫﻟﻚ.

 

اﻟﻤﺎﺩﺓ ﺭﻗﻢ 34

 

ﻳﻠﺘﺰﻡ ﺻﺎﺣﺐ اﻟﻌﻤﻞ اﻟﻤﺘﻌﺎﻗﺪ ﻟﺘﻨﻔﻴﺬ ﻣﺸﺮﻭﻉ ﺣﻜﻮﻣﻲ ﺃﻭ ﻳﻘﻮﻡ ﺑﺎﺳﺘﺨﺪاﻡ ﻋﻤﺎﻟﻪ ﻓﻲ اﻟﻤﻨﺎﻃﻖ اﻟﺒﻌﻴﺪﺓ ﻋﻦ اﻟﻌﻤﺮاﻥ ﺑﺘﻮﻓﻴﺮ اﻟﺴﻜﻦ اﻟﻤﻨﺎﺳﺐ ﻟﻠﻌﻤﺎﻝ ﻭﻛﺬﻟﻚ ﻭﺳﺎﺋﻞ اﻻﻧﺘﻘﺎﻝ ﻟﻠﻤﻨﺎﻃﻖ اﻟﺒﻌﻴﺪﺓ ﻋﻦ اﻟﻌﻤﺮاﻥ ﺩﻭﻥ ﻣﻘﺎﺑﻞ ﻭﻓﻲ ﺣﺎﻟﺔ ﻋﺪﻡ ﺗﻮﻓﻴﺮ اﻟﺴﻜﻦ ﻳﻤﻨﺢ ﻟﻬﻢ ﺑﺪﻝ ﺳﻜﻦ ﻣﻨﺎﺳﺒﺎ ﻭﺗﺤﺪﺩ ﺑﻘﺮاﺭ ﻣﻦ اﻟﻮﺯﻳﺮ اﻟﻤﻨﺎﻃﻖ اﻟﺒﻌﻴﺪﺓ ﻋﻦ اﻟﻌﻤﺮاﻥ ﻭﺷﺮﻭﻁ اﻟﺴﻜﻦ اﻟﻤﻨﺎﺳﺐ ﻭﺑﺪﻝ اﻟﺴﻜﻦ.

ﻭﻓﻲ ﺟﻤﻴﻊ اﻷﺣﻮاﻝ اﻷﺧﺮﻯ اﻟﺘﻲ ﻳﻠﺘﺰﻡ ﻓﻴﻬﺎ ﺻﺎﺣﺐ اﻟﻌﻤﻞ ﺑﺘﻮﻓﻴﺮ ﺳﻜﻦ ﻟﻌﻤﺎﻟﻪ ﺗﺴﺮﻱ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﺃﺣﻜﺎﻡ اﻟﻘﺮاﺭ اﻟﻤﻨﺼﻮﺹ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﻓﻲ اﻟﻔﻘﺮﺓ اﻟﺴﺎﺑﻘﺔ ﻓﻲ ﺷﺄﻥ ﺷﺮﻭﻁ اﻟﺴﻜﻦ اﻟﻤﻨﺎﺳﺐ ﻭﺗﺤﺪﻳﺪ ﺑﺪﻝ اﻟﺴﻜﻦ.

 

اﻟﻤﺎﺩﺓ ﺭﻗﻢ 35

 

ﻳﺠﺐ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺻﺎﺣﺐ اﻟﻌﻤﻞ ﺃﻥ ﻳﻌﻠﻖ ﻓﻲ ﻣﻜﺎﻥ ﻇﺎﻫﺮ ﺑﻤﻘﺮ اﻟﻌﻤﻞ ﻻﺋﺤﺔ اﻟﺠﺰاءاﺕ اﻟﺘﻲ ﻳﺠﻮﺯ ﺗﻮﻗﻴﻌﻬﺎ ﻋﻠﻰ اﻟﻌﻤﺎﻝ اﻟﻤﺨﺎﻟﻔﻴﻦ ﻭﻳﺮاﻋﻲ ﻓﻲ ﺇﻋﺪاﺩ ﻟﻮاﺋﺢ اﻟﺠﺰاءاﺕ ﻣﺎ ﻳﻠﻲ:

 

ﺃ- ﺃﻥ ﺗﺤﺪﺩ اﻟﻤﺨﺎﻟﻔﺎﺕ اﻟﺘﻲ ﻗﺪ ﺗﻘﻊ ﻣﻦ اﻟﻌﻤﺎﻝ ﻭﻳﺤﺪﺩ اﻟﺠﺰاء ﻟﻜﻞ ﻣﻨﻬﺎ.
ﺏ- ﺃﻥ ﺗﺘﻀﻤﻦ ﺟﺰاءاﺕ ﻣﺘﺪﺭﺟﺔ ﻟﻠﻤﺨﺎﻟﻔﺎﺕ.
ﺝ- ﺃﻻ ﻳﻮﻗﻊ ﺃﻛﺜﺮ ﻣﻦ ﺟﺰاء ﻭاﺣﺪ ﻟﻠﻤﺨﺎﻟﻔﺔ اﻟﻮاﺣﺪﺓ.
ﺩ- ﺃﻻ ﻳﻌﺎﻗﺐ اﻟﻌﺎﻣﻞ ﻋﻦ ﺃﻱ ﻓﻌﻞ اﺭﺗﻜﺒﻪ ﻭﻣﺮ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺗﺎﺭﻳﺦ ﺛﺒﻮﺗﻪ ﺧﻤﺴﺔ ﻋﺸﺮ ﻳﻮﻣﺎ.
ﻫ- ﺃﻻ ﻳﻮﻗﻊ اﻟﺠﺰاء ﻋﻠﻰ اﻟﻌﺎﻣﻞ ﻷﻣﺮ اﺭﺗﻜﺒﻪ ﺧﺎﺭﺝ ﻣﻜﺎﻥ اﻟﻌﻤﻞ ﺇﻻ ﺇﺫا ﻛﺎﻥ ﻟﻪ ﻋﻼﻗﺔ ﺑﺎﻟﻌﻤﻞ.

 

اﻟﻤﺎﺩﺓ ﺭﻗﻢ 36

 

ﻳﺠﺐ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺻﺎﺣﺐ اﻟﻌﻤﻞ ﺃﻥ ﻳﻌﺘﻤﺪ ﻻﺋﺤﺔ اﻟﺠﺰاءاﺕ ﻗﺒﻞ ﺗﻄﺒﻴﻘﻬﺎ ﻣﻦ اﻟﻮﺯاﺭﺓ. ﻭﻟﻠﻮﺯاﺭﺓ ﺃﻥ ﺗﻌﺪﻝ ﻓﻴﻬﺎ ﻃﺒﻘﺎ ﻟﻄﺒﻴﻌﺔ ﻧﺸﺎﻁ اﻟﻤﻨﺸﺄﺓ ﺃﻭ ﻇﺮﻭﻑ اﻟﻌﻤﻞ ﺑﻤﺎ ﻳﺘﻔﻖ ﻭﺃﺣﻜﺎﻡ ﻫﺬا اﻟﻘﺎﻧﻮﻥ.

ﻭﻋﻠﻰ اﻟﻮﺯاﺭﺓ ﻋﺮﺽ ﻫﺬﻩ اﻟﻠﻮاﺋﺢ ﻋﻠﻰ اﻟﻤﻨﻈﻤﺔ اﻟﻤﺨﺘﺼﺔ ﺇﻥ ﻭﺟﺪﺕ ﻭﺇﻥ ﻟﻢ ﺗﻮﺟﺪ اﻟﻤﻨﻈﻤﺔ اﻟﻤﺨﺘﺼﺔ ﻳﺘﻢ اﻟﻠﺠﻮء ﻟﻻﺗﺤﺎﺩ اﻟﻌﺎﻡ ﻟﻴﺒﺪﻱ ﻣﻼﺣﻈﺎﺗﻪ ﻭاﻗﺘﺮاﺣﺎﺗﻪ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻫﺬﻩ اﻟﻠﻮاﺋﺢ.

 

اﻟﻤﺎﺩﺓ ﺭﻗﻢ 37

 

ﻻ ﻳﺠﻮﺯ ﺗﻮﻗﻴﻊ ﺟﺰاء ﻋﻠﻰ اﻟﻌﺎﻣﻞ ﺇﻻ ﺑﻌﺪ ﺇﺑﻼﻏﻪ ﻛﺘﺎﺑﺔ ﺑﻤﺎ ﻫﻮ ﻣﻨﺴﻮﺏ ﺇﻟﻴﻪ ﻭﺳﻤﺎﻉ ﺃﻗﻮاﻟﻪ ﻭﺗﺤﻘﻴﻖ ﺩﻓﺎﻋﻪ ﻭﺇﺛﺒﺎﺕ ﺫﻟﻚ ﻓﻲ ﻣﺤﻀﺮ ﻳﻮﺩﻉ ﺑﻤﻠﻔﻪ اﻟﺨﺎﺹ ﻭﻳﺠﺐ ﺇﺑﻼﻍ اﻟﻌﺎﻣﻞ ﻛﺘﺎﺑﺔ ﺑﻤﺎ ﻭﻗﻊ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﻣﻦ ﺟﺰاءاﺕ ﻭﻧﻮﻋﻬﺎ ﻭﻣﻘﺪاﺭﻫﺎ ﻭﺃﺳﺒﺎﺏ ﺗﻮﻗﻴﻌﻬﺎ ﻭاﻟﻌﻘﻮﺑﺔ اﻟﺘﻲ ﻳﺘﻌﺮﺽ ﻟﻬﺎ ﻓﻲ ﺣﺎﻟﺔ اﻟﻌﻮﺩ.

 

اﻟﻤﺎﺩﺓ ﺭﻗﻢ 38

 

ﻻ ﻳﺠﻮﺯ ﺗﻨﻔﻴﺬ اﻟﺨﺼﻢ ﻣﻦ ﺃﺟﺮ اﻟﻌﺎﻣﻞ ﻟﻤﺪﺓ ﺗﺠﺎﻭﺯ ﺧﻤﺴﺔ ﺃﻳﺎﻡ ﺷﻬﺮﻳﺎ ﻓﺈﺫا ﺗﺠﺎﻭﺯﺕ اﻟﻌﻘﻮﺑﺔ ﺫﻟﻚ ﻳﺨﺼﻢ اﻟﻘﺪﺭ اﻟﺰاﺋﺪ ﻣﻦ ﺃﺟﺮ اﻟﺸﻬﺮ اﻟﻤﻘﺒﻞ ﺃﻭ اﻷﺷﻬﺮ اﻟﺘﺎﻟﻴﺔ.

 

اﻟﻤﺎﺩﺓ ﺭﻗﻢ 39

 

ﻳﺠﻮﺯ ﻭﻗﻒ اﻟﻌﺎﻣﻞ ﻟﻤﺼﻠﺤﺔ اﻟﺘﺤﻘﻴﻖ اﻟﺬﻱ ﻳﺠﺮﻳﻪ ﺻﺎﺣﺐ اﻟﻌﻤﻞ ﺃﻭ ﻣﻦ ﻳﻨﻮﺏ ﻋﻨﻪ ﻟﻤﺪﺓ ﻻ ﺗﺠﺎﻭﺯ ﻋﺸﺮﺓ ﺃﻳﺎﻡ ﻓﺈﺫا اﻧﺘﻬﻰ اﻟﺘﺤﻘﻴﻖ ﻣﻌﻪ ﺇﻟﻰ ﻋﺪﻡ ﻣﺴﺆﻭﻟﻴﺘﻪ ﺻﺮﻑ ﻟﻪ ﺃﺟﺮﻩ ﻋﻦ ﻣﺪﺓ اﻟﻮﻗﻒ.

 

اﻟﻤﺎﺩﺓ ﺭﻗﻢ 40

 

ﻋﻠﻰ ﺻﺎﺣﺐ اﻟﻌﻤﻞ ﺃﻥ ﻳﻀﻊ ﺣﺼﻴﻠﺔ اﻟﺨﺼﻢ ﻣﻦ ﺃﺟﻮﺭ ﻋﻤﺎﻟﻪ ﻓﻲ ﺻﻨﺪﻭﻕ ﻳﺨﺼﺺ ﻟﻠﺼﺮﻑ ﻣﻨﻪ ﻋﻠﻰ اﻟﻨﻮاﺣﻲ اﻻﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴﺔ ﻭاﻻﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻳﺔ ﻭاﻟﺜﻘﺎﻓﻴﺔ اﻟﺘﻲ ﺗﻌﻮﺩ ﻋﻠﻰ اﻟﻌﻤﺎﻝ ﺑﺎﻟﻔﺎﺋﺪﺓ ﻭﺗﻘﻴﻴﺪ اﻟﺠﺰاءاﺕ ﺑﺎﻟﺨﺼﻢ اﻟﺘﻲ ﺗﻮﻗﻊ ﻋﻠﻰ اﻟﻌﺎﻣﻞ ﻓﻲ ﺳﺠﻞ ﺧﺎﺹ ﻳﺒﻴﻦ ﻓﻴﻪ ﺇﺳﻢ اﻟﻌﺎﻣﻞ ﻭﻣﻘﺪاﺭ اﻟﺨﺼﻢ ﻭﺳﺒﺐ ﺗﻮﻗﻴﻌﻪ. ﻭﻓﻲ ﺣﺎﻟﺔ ﺗﺼﻔﻴﺔ اﻟﻤﻨﺸﺄﺓ ﺗﻮﺯﻉ ﺣﺼﻴﻠﺔ اﻟﺨﺼﻢ اﻟﻤﻮﺟﻮﺩﺓ ﻓﻲ اﻟﺼﻨﺪﻭﻕ ﻋﻠﻰ اﻟﻌﻤﺎﻝ اﻟﻤﻮﺟﻮﺩﻳﻦ ﻓﻴﻬﺎ ﻭﻗﺖ اﻟﺘﺼﻔﻴﺔ ﺑﻨﺴﺒﺔ ﻣﺪﺓ ﺧﺪﻣﺔ ﻛﻞ ﻣﻨﻬﻢ.

ﻭﻳﺼﺪﺭ اﻟﻮﺯﻳﺮ ﻗﺮاﺭا ﺑﺎﻟﻀﻮاﺑﻂ اﻟﻤﻨﻈﻤﺔ ﻟﻠﺼﻨﺪﻭﻕ اﻟﻤﺸﺎﺭ ﺇﻟﻴﻪ ﻭﻃﺮﻳﻘﺔ اﻟﺘﻮﺯﻳﻊ.

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